You wait years for a new marathon milestone; then two come along at once. On the same weekend that Eliud Kipchoge broke two hours at marathon distance in Vienna, Brigid Kosgei set a new women’s marathon best in Chicago, finally breaking Paula Radcliffe’s record, which had stood since 2003.
For economists, Vienna and Chicago are perhaps appropriate cities for the new to overturn the old. Joseph Schumpeter, who grew up in Vienna from the age of ten, would popularise the term ‘creative destruction’, the process by which capitalism destroys the old to make way for the new. The Chicago School argues for minimal intervention in markets so as to allow that creative destruction to continue relatively unchecked. Such processes were in evidence last week far beyond the world of running.
Figures released by JPMorgan Chase show that the number of Chinese companies listed on public markets has now surpassed the number of listed US companies: around 4,800 Chinese companies against some 4,400 US enterprises. While listings have increased in China, they have gone the other way in the US: back in 1996, there were more than 8,000 publicly listed US companies. Investors, it seems, are divided on whether public or private work best, but that need not be a bad thing.
“There are advantages to both markets – public markets provide scrutiny and access,” said Rob Gardner, Director of Investments at St. James’s Place. “Private markets, on the other hand, can enable companies to think longer term without some of the short-term pressures that come with quarterly reporting and market overreaction. But even then, private markets are set to become more accessible to retail investors, too. So, there are benefits to both, and investors may find both useful in achieving their long-term goals.”
In the short term, of course, markets are prone to oversensitivity, and they were no different last week. Leading indices rose in the US, China, Japan, EU and UK last week, often in response to rumours of changes in political momentum – rather than to actual political events. Some investors may have wondered why – after all, quarterly earnings growth among S&P 500 companies is in negative territory; while sentix data published last week showed that global investor sentiment is at its lowest level since the eurozone crisis.
The short-term developments driving markets were, as so often these days, related to trade. Above all else, US–China trade negotiations continued to concentrate investor attention. Perhaps that should come as no surprise – after all, the US consumer accounted for 17% of global GDP last year, and its biggest import partner is China. Figures show that several territories and countries have benefited from the sanctions imposed on China, chief among them Taiwan and Vietnam.
Last week, the US added more Chinese companies to its trade blacklist ahead of a negotiating delegation visiting Washington. Its focus was eight Chinese technology companies, which it blacklisted for, among other practices, providing facial recognition technology to the Chinese government for use in Xinjiang. Report say that Beijing has incarcerated some million Uighurs in ‘re-education camps’ in the northwestern province.
Even if the blacklisting was to encourage Beijing to accommodate US demands in talks, Washington is also pushing hard for trade progress elsewhere, and last week signed a trade deal with Japan, although the agreement is very far from comprehensive. All the same, in the World Economic Forum’s global competitiveness rankings, the US last week gave up top spot to Singapore.
While the US pull out from Turkey may have the greatest reverberations in the long term, markets were more sensitive to signs of hope for trade talks with China. The US’s Median Consumer Price Index, meanwhile, struck 3% for the first time since the great recession. Other indicators, however, are pointing to a US slowdown.
Indeed, meeting minutes released last week by the Fed show that the bank’s Federal Open Market Committee has turned both more dovish and more divided. Minutes from the European Central Bank showed a similarly dovish tilt; the latest data on German industrial orders, which shows a larger-than-expected dip and has raised expectations of recession, will only add to the ECB’s desire to prop up – even if doing so incurs further wrath from northern European countries.
Continued disputes over trade will not make it any easier to propel growth and, among those, the dispute about taxing multinationals took a new turn last week; the OECD announced its plan to provide a new blueprint for international tax rules, so that countries can more effectively tax companies that do “significant business” within their borders. Highly-globalised industries would be most affected, not least the technology sector. Such arrangements remain little changed since the 1920s.
The UK’s own trade debate, the Brexit negotiations, continued apace. The week opened with disillusion, and expectations that Brexit would probably be delayed again. But the mood changed later in the week when a very different tone emerged in joint statements made by Boris Johnson and Leo Varadkar, following the former’s visit to Dublin. Sterling enjoyed its biggest rise against the dollar since March, gilt yields fell as investors sought out risk, and UK-focused companies saw share prices rise.
Over the weekend, however, it became clear that the two sides remained too far apart to find a meeting point, meaning the UK has very little time to cut a deal ahead of the meeting of the European Council later this week. Amid these tensions, it was perhaps cruelly symbolic that, over the weekend, Northern Ireland passed 1,000 days without a government.
The State Pension looks set to rise by 4% from April, marking its biggest increase in eight years under the ‘triple lock’ system.
The triple lock ensures the State Pension grows by a minimum of 2.5%, the rate of inflation, or average earnings growth, whichever is highest. Earnings growth is calculated from the year to July, which we already know stands at 4%.1 The Consumer Prices Index report for the year to September, used to measure inflation, is due this week. But with inflation currently at 1.7%, it’s likely earnings growth will be used to increase the State Pension for the second year running.
If the 4% uplift is confirmed, those on the full, new, single-tier State Pension will see their incomes rise from £168.60 a week to £175.35 a week, and those on the old basic pension will go from £129.20 a week to £134.35.2
The government has committed to the triple lock until 2022. Yet, in light of the challenge posed by the UK’s ageing population, the sustainability of the system is being called into question.3 It’s possible that changes – such as a ‘double lock’ – could be brought forward to make the system more manageable, resulting in the State Pension growing at a slower rate.
“The rise is something pensioners can look forward to,” says Tony Clark, Head of Retirement Marketing at St. James’s Place. “But with Brexit and an early general election on the cards, it will be interesting to see parties’ commitment to the triple-lock.”
1 Office for National Statistics, Average weekly earnings in Great Britain, September 2019
2 Pensions Age, State pension to increase by 4%, September 2019
3 Pensions Policy Institute, Pension Facts Demographics, 2019
As we celebrate the first anniversary of the launch of our Diversified Assets (FAIF) fund, Matthew Woodbridge, Head of Division – Alternatives, gives an insight into some of the key benefits for clients. This fund, managed by KKR, provides exposure to a range of private market assets which could play a key role in your portfolio of investments.
Nothing is stronger than a peaceful mind.
The value of an investment with St. James’s Place will be directly linked to the performance of the funds you select and the value can therefore go down as well as up. You may get back less than you invested.
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